The Paston Treasure - a precious picture

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The Paston Treasure is a painting in the care of the Norfolk Museums Service. It can be seen on display at the Castle Museum Norwich. This picture was commissioned around the mid-1670s by Sir Robert Paston 1st Earl of Yarmouth. Robert was given his earldom as reward for supporting Charles II while he was in exile. The Pastons lived at Oxnead Hall in Norfolk. They were a very wealthy and cultured family and collected art objects of all kinds. This painting represents a tiny part of the magnificent collections at Oxnead which included pictures and sculptures and gems as well as gold and silver. The collection was amassed mainly by Sir Robert and his father Sir William Paston.
There were no public museums in the 17th century. Art objects were commissioned and collected by royalty and nobility as a sign of their learning and status. Collections were displayed in a special room known as a 'cabinet' or a 'Schatzkammer' - German for 'Treasure Chamber'. The owners would invite their friends to visit, to admire and discuss their collections.